(1). Sulphuric Acid

sulphuric Acid works as a strong mineral acid. Coming with strong pungent odor with off white/light yellowish white color, it has solubility in water and provides working as highly corrosive agent and oxidizer.
AppearanceSpecific GravityBoiling PointVapor Density (Air=1)
Clear oily liquid.1.84 (98%)ca. 290C (ca. 554F) (decomposes at 340C)3.4
SolubilitypH:Melting PointVapor Pressure (mm Hg)
Miscible with water, liberates much heat1 N solution (ca. 5% w/w) = 0.3; 0.1 N solution (ca. 0.5% w/w) = 1.2; 0.01 N solution (ca. 0.05% w/w) = 2.1.3C (100%), -32C (93%), -38C (78%), -64C (65%).1 @ 145.8C (295F)
Appearance :Sp.Gravity at 30 oC :Boiling point :
Colourless liquid1.82340 oC
Attack many metals with liberation of hydrogen, which is inflammable and forms explosive mixture, Hydroscopic in nature, Oxidizing agent.

Specifications

Purity (as H2SO4) :Iron (as Fe) :Residue on Ignition :Lead (as Pb) :Arsenic (as As) :
98.0% min0.05% max0.20% max0.005% max0.004% max

Applications

Sulphuric acid is an important reagent in a large number of processes. Among the many uses, some of the main ones are :

  • Catalyst and dehydrating agent in many organic chemical manufacturing and petrochemical processes
  • In the manufacturing of detergents.
  • In the manufacturing of titanium dioxide (a widely used white pigment), and other dyes and pigments.
  • In the manufacturing of fertilizers mainly phosphates but also zinc, ammonium and potassium sulphates.
  • In the manufacturing process for a range of plastics.
  • Metal processing such as picking and de-scaling of steel, and non-ferrous metal plating and purification.

Some of its other uses include:

  • Drug production via sulphonation, manufacturing of food acids (citric and lactic acid) and edible oils, Adhesives, Explosives, Synthetic rubber, Water and effluent treatment, Chlorine drying, Wood pulping, Leather tanning, Batteries.

Dangers & precautions for handling product :

  • Toxic
  • Causes severe damage to eyes, skin & air passage
  • Reaction with moist air produces mist, which has severe irritant effect on eyes, skin & air passage.
  • Store the material in SS & MS tank. Avoid contact with moisture..
  • Fire risk in contact with organic substances

(2). Oleum 23%

Chemical Formula

H2S2O7

Properties

Appearance :Sp.Gravity at 30 oC :Boiling point :
Clear to off white liquid1.9056 (Oleum 23 %)340 oC

Specifications

Free SO3Iron (as Fe) :Residue on Ignition :Sulphur DioxideChloride (as Cl) :
23.0% min. / 65.0 % min.0.05 % max0.20% max0.02 % max0.002 % max

Applications

  • Sulphonating agent for organic and alizarin dyestuff.
  • Dehydrating agent in nitration reactions. Used for manufacturing dyes & explosives. Used as lab reagents.

Dangers & precautions for handling product:

  • Toxic by ingestion
  • Causes severe damage to eyes, Skin & air passage
  • Reaction with moist air produces mist, which has severe irritant effect on eyes, skin & air passage.
  • Store the material in MS tank. Avoid contact with moisture.
  • Fire risk in contact with organic substance.

(3). Caustic Soda lye 47%

Caustic Soda is a versatile basic chemical with a wide range of industrial applications. It is highly soluble is water and is practically insoluble in most organic solvents except alcohols. It is available in the from of lye (solution in water), as solid and as flakes.

Applications

  • Digestion of wood and bagasse for manufacture of pulp and paper.
  • Digestion of wood for manufacture of viscose staple fiber, viscose filament yarn and rayon tyre cord.
  • Manufacture of soaps and detergents.
  • Digestion of aluminium ore to make alumina as an intermediate in the production of aluminium.
  • Bleaching & processing of cotton textiles.
  • Regeneration of ion-exchangere sins in water treatment plants.

(4). Nitric Acid

Nitric Acid comes with chemical formula of HNO3 is also known by the name of aqua fortis. As a highly corrosive and toxic strong acid, in purest form it is available colorless and upon samples getting older, it tends to gain strong yellow cast because of accumulation of oxides of nitrogen. As a highly reactive oxidizing agent, it comes with specific gravity of 1.41 and pH of 1.0 (0.1M solution).

Features

  • Comes in colorless to yellowish liquid appearance
  • Features suffocating, acrid odor.
  • Is infinitely soluble with percentage of volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): of 100 and melting point of -42C (-44F)
  • Comes with boiling point of 122C (252F)
  • Has vapor density of 2-3 and vapour pressure (mm Hg) of 48 @ 20C (68F)

Applications

  • Fertilizers
  • Explosives.
  • Rocket fuels
  • Comes with boiling point of 122C (252F)
  • Industrial metallurgical processes
AppearanceSolubilitypH:Boiling PointVapor Density (Air=1)
Colorless to yellowish liquid.Infinitely soluble.1.0 (0.1M solution)122C (252F)2-3
OdorSpecific Gravity% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F)Melting PointVapor Pressure (mm Hg)
Suffocating, acrid.1.41100 (as water and acid)-42C (-44F)48 @ 20C (68F)

(5). Formaldehye

Formaldehyde is an organic compound with the formula CH2O or HCHO. It is the simplest aldehyde and is also known by its systematic name methanal. The common name of this substance comes from its similarity and relation to formic acid. Applicable in textile and automobile industries for various purposes, these chemicals are processed at our vendors' premises in tandem with the guidelines laid in the chemical industry. In addition, these chemicals are used as a biological preserving medium and as a disinfectant.

Features

  • Effectiveness
  • Longer shelf life
  • Accurate composition